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distraction, and devotes himself entirely to her. If, however, he
is introduced into her cage the new environment renders him
nervous and suspicious, and then it is she who takes the active
part, trying to attract him in every way. The impetuosity during
heat of female animals of various species, when at length
admitted to the male, is indeed well known to all who are
familiar with animals.
I have referred to the frequency with which, in the human
species,--and very markedly in early adolescence, when the sexual
impulse is in a high degree unconscious and unrestrainedly
instinctive,--similar manifestations may often be noted. We have
to recognize that they are not necessarily abnormal and still
less pathological. They merely represent the unseasonable
apparition of a tendency which in due subordination is implied in
the phases of courtship throughout the animal world. Among some
peoples and in some stages of culture, tending to withdraw the
men from women and the thought of women, this phase of courtship
and this attitude assume a prominence which is absolutely normal.
The literature of the Middle Ages presents a state of society in
which men were devoted to war and to warlike sports, while the
women took the more active part in love-making. The medieval
poets represent women as actively encouraging backward lovers,
and as delighting to offer to great heroes the chastity they had
preserved, sometimes entering their bed-chambers at night.
Schultz (_Das Hoefische Leben_, Bd. i, pp. 594-598) considers that
these representations are not exaggerated. Cf. Krabbes, _Die Frau
im Altfranzoesischen Karls-Epos_, 1884, p. 20 et seq.; and M.A.
Potter, _Sohrab and Rustem_, 1902, pp. 152-163.
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